Health Care System (General)

Illich, Ivan, Limits to Medicine: Medical Nemisis: The Expropriation of Health. Marion Boyars (1975).
“People need no bureaucratic interference to mate, give birth, share the human condition, and die.” Relentlessly and with full documentation taken from recognized medical sources, Illich proves the impotence of medical services to change life expectancy, the insignificance of most contemporary clinical care in curing disease, the magnitude of medically inflicted damage to health, and the futility of medical and political counter-measures.


Transforming the Legal Profession & the Legal System

Glendon, Mary Ann, A Nation Under Lawyers: How the Crisis in the Legal Profession is Transforming American Society. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA (1994).
This book takes the reader into the late twentieth-century legal world. The author views the legal profession as a profession in turbulence. She gives her frank evaluation of the people and ideas that are transforming the law-dependent culture.

Katz, Roberta, Justice Matters: Rescuing the Legal System for the 21st Century. Discovery Institute, Seattle WA (1997).
The author brings to her writing experience from both anthropology and law. She encourages fundamental rethinking of the adversarial process, asks basic questions about the American Legal System and makes suggestions for improvement.

Sells, Benjamin, The Soul of the Law: Understanding Lawyers and the Law. Element Books, Rockport, MA (1994).
This lawyer/psychotherapist author focuses on the stresses in society as reflected in lawyers’ experiences. He offers insight on how one can enrich life by bringing ideals and passion back into the legal profession.

Interdisciplinary Theory

Gallway, Timothy, The Inner Game of Tennis: The Classic Guide to the Mental Side of Peak Performance. Random House (1977).
Disguised as a manual for harnessing the “inner skills” necessary to compete on the tennis court, this easy-to-read manual translates to any endeavor. It might be easy to categorize this book as another of the “east meets west” genre; however, such a description would miss the pragmatic wisdom of the exercises and examples that inspire new approaches to old challenges.

Illich, Ivan, Toward a History of Needs. Pantheon Books (1978) and Tools for Conviviality. Marion Boyers Publishing (new edition 2001).
From a unique perspective that’s never been replicated, Illich illuminates and challenges many of the purported immutable cultural “habits” that determine the course of education, health care, the legal profession and economics. These books lay a good foundation for discussing new relationships between law and society, and more specifically, the lawyer and client.

Lipton, Bruce, The Biology of Belief: Unleashing the Power of Consciousness, Matter and Miracles. Elite Books (2005).
Dr. Lipton is a molecular biologist, who has contributed cutting edge research to the emerging science of Epigenetics: how biology and genetics are influenced and even controlled by environment, stress, emotions and beliefs. Understandable, entertaining and informative, this book gives simple, concrete examples of how “connections” within any system determine the health and advancement of that system more than any other factor – thus emphasizing that law, as the means by which our society regulates its relationships and connections, is a healing profession.

Pink, Daniel H., A Whole New Mind: Why Right-Brainers Will Rule the Future. Penguin Group (2006).
Dan Pink motivates today’s professional to explore a new resource for problem solving and client-relations. Whether the reader interprets the “right brain” metaphorically or literally, Pink makes a case for why and how more creative thinking is not just useful, but required for success.

Wilber, Ken, A Brief History of Everything. Shambala Publications (2000).
Among the more accessible of Wilber’s works, this particular book offers some basic vocabularies and conceptual tools to aid analysis and discussion of any “transformational” process. His analysis of holons and the evolutionary dynamic of “transcend and include” are seminal pieces of post-modern systems theory. In addition, this work sets the stage for one of Wilber’s more brilliant and original ideas: the “pre/trans fallacy,” an idea that identifies the problematic tendency we have to “long for the good old days” to the detriment of original transformation.

Balance, Joy and Satisfaction in Legal Practice

Keeva, Steven, Transforming Practices: Finding Joy and Satisfaction in the Legal Life. Contemporary Books, Chicago, IL (1999).
This author gathered stories of lawyers who have changed the way they practice law. The emphasis is on coordinating inner values with the outer life and work. Inspiring lawyer profiles trace this search for deeper meaning.

Kaufman, George, The Lawyer’s Guide to Balancing Life and Work. ABA Law Practice Management, Chicago, IL (1999).
The signs of burnout along with suggestions to prevent, cure or cope with it are addressed. The author has included information, anecdotes and simple “how to” exercises.

Palmer, Parker, Let Your Life Speak: Listening for the Voice of Vocation. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA (2000).
Writer, teacher, activist Parker Palmer explores the “vocation” in this clear, vital and honest book. Telling stories from his own life, he shares insights from darkness and depression with learnings from fulfillment and joy.

Legal Ethics

Bell, Derrick, Ethical Ambition, Bloomsbury (2002).
Professor Derrick Bell, the first African-American tenured law professor at Harvard Law School, offers a personal reflection on achieving success while maintaining a life of integrity and purpose. He pursues six principles he deems significant to ethical success: passion, courage and risk taking, relationships, faith, inspiration and humility. In reflecting on the influences of these principles to his own journey, he offers a path for self-reflection and growth to the reader.

Jack, Rand and Jack, Dana Crowley, Moral Vision and Professional Decisions: The Changing Values of Women and Men Lawyers, Cambridge University Press, New York, NY (1989).
Through interviews with 36 attorneys, the authors have explored the thinking patterns of moral thought among women and men attorneys.

Linowitz, Sol, The Betrayed Profession: Lawyering at the End of the Twentieth Century, Harvard University Press (1998).
Linowitz, an elder statesman and former U.S. Ambassador, assesses the state of the legal profession and encourages lawyers to look to the roots and history of the profession. He suggests the lawyer has bartered away his independence and it is time to say “NO” to clients when the course of action requested is morally or ethically questionable.

Critiques of The Legal Profession

Arron, Deborah L. Running from the Law: Why Good Lawyers are Getting out of the Legal Profession, Ten Speed Press, Berkeley, CA (1989).
An anthology of insights and histories of lawyers whose choices made “powerful statements about their values.” One of the early books that broke the conspiracy of silence about dissatisfaction within the legal profession.

Arron, Deborah L. What You Can Do with a Law Degree. A Lawyer’s Guide to Career Alternatives Inside, Outside and Around the Law, Decision Books (2003).Â
The author takes the reader through self-discovery in a structured and practical manner. A useful tool for lawyers in a decision-making process about career choice.

Bachman, Walt, Law vs. Life: What Lawyers are Afraid to Say about the Legal Profession, Four Directions Press, New York, NY (1995).
The author speaks with candor and cynicism about the legal profession. He focuses on the increasing demands of the legal marketplace and the “moral neutering” imposed by what he views as the lawyer’s ethical duty of advocacy.

Kronman, Anthony T, The Lost Lawyer: Failing Ideals of the Legal Profession, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA (1995).
The author describes a spiritual crisis affecting the American Legal Profession. He attributes it to the collapse of what he calls the ideal of the lawyer-statesman: a set of values that prizes good judgment above technical competence and that encourages a public-spirited devotion to the law.

Stefancic and Delgado, How Lawyers Lose Their Way: A Profession Fails Its Creative Minds (Duke University Press, 2005)
This unusual 85-page book uses the story of Archibald MacLeish as the backdrop for raising questions about the efficacy of the legal profession (and then, by analogy, the medical profession) for professionals themselves as well as society at large. The authors focus on “formalism” as the disease to which lawyers, judges, law firms and law schools have succumbed; they loosely offer as a solution the use of “interdisciplinary critical theory.” In the interest of full disclosure, this book should have been the opening chapters of a deeper book.  Nonetheless, it’s a worthy attempt to carve out some new territory in the discussion about the state of the legal profession. Its brevity makes for a useful read as a springboard for discussion.

American Intellectual History

Menand, Louis, The Metaphysical Club: A Story of Ideas in America, Farrar, Straus and Giroux (2001).
Covering American history in the years between the Civil War and the end of the First World War, Menand draws masterful portraits of four giants of American thought – Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., William James, Charles Sanders Pierce, and John Dewey – whose ideas changed the way Americans think.

Alternative & New Paradigms in the Law

Levine, Stewart, Getting to Resolution: Turning Conflict Into Collaboration, Berrett-Koehler, San Francisco, CA (1998).
The author, an attorney and consultant, offers tools that get to the core of conflict with guidelines that help craft collaborative agreements.

Stolle, Dennis P., Wexler, David and Winnick, Bruce, Practicing Therapeutic Jurisprudence: Law as a Helping Profession, Carolina Academic Press, Durham, NC (2000).
The authors offer a unique theoretical paradigm for approaching contemporary legal issues. With emphasis on the psychological impact of law, they demonstrate how this model can operate in a variety of legal settings. The authors offer concrete ways for lawyers to practice law as helping professionals.


The term homeopathy comes from the Greek words homeo, meaning similar, and pathos, meaning suffering or disease.  Homeopathy takes a different approach from conventional medicine in diagnosing, classifying, and treating medical problems.  Homeopathy seeks to stimulate the body’s defense mechanisms and processes so as to prevent or treat illness. Treatment involves giving very small doses of substances called remedies that would produce the same or similar symptoms of illness in healthy people if they were given in larger doses. Treatment in homeopathy is tailored to each individual person. Homeopathic practitioners select remedies according to a total picture of the patient, including not only symptoms but lifestyle, emotional and mental states, and other factors.

In the late 1700s, Samuel Hahnemann, a physician, chemist, and linguist in Germany, proposed a new approach to treating illness. This was at a time when the most common medical treatments were harsh, such as bloodletting, purging, blistering, and the use of sulfur and mercury. At the time, there were few effective medications for treating patients, and knowledge about their effects was limited.  Hahnemann was interested in developing a less-threatening approach to medicine. The first major step reportedly was when he was translating an herbal text and read about a treatment (cinchona bark) used to cure malaria. He took some cinchona bark and observed that, as a healthy person, he developed symptoms that were very similar to malaria symptoms. This led Hahnemann to consider that a substance may create symptoms that it can also relieve. This concept is called the “similia principle” or “like cures like.”

In the fourth century B.C., Hippocrates, the father of modern medicine, observed that large amount of certain natural substances can produce symptoms in healthy people resembling those caused by the disease, while smaller doses of these same substances can relieve those symptoms.  Another way to view “like cures like” is that symptoms are part of the body’s attempt to heal itself–for example, a fever can develop as a result of an immune response to an infection, and a cough may help to eliminate mucus — and medication may be given to support this self-healing response.  Hahnemann tested single, pure substances on himself and, in more dilute forms, on healthy volunteers.  He kept meticulous records of his experiments and participants’ responses, and he combined these observations with information from clinical practice, the known uses of herbs and other medicinal substances, and toxicology, eventually treating the sick and developing homeopathic clinical practice.

There are over 2000 homeopathic remedies, which are made from naturally occurring plant, animal, or mineral substances and such exotic sources as bee stings, snake venoms, arsenic, gold and silica, and even compounds from diseased tissue.  Persons using homeopathy do so to address a range of health concerns, from wellness and prevention to treatment of injuries, diseases, and conditions. Studies have found that many people who seek homeopathic care seek it for help with a chronic medical condition.

The World Health Organization noted in 1994 that homeopathy had been integrated into the national health care systems of numerous countries, including Germany, the United Kingdom, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Mexico.

Copyright 2007 Raquel Lazar-Paley

Ayurvedic Medicine

Ayurveda (meaning “the science of life”) is one of the oldest systems of natural health care.  Having evolved among the Brahmin sages of ancient India some 3,000-5,000 years ago, Ayurveda and variations of it have also been practiced for centuries in Pakistan, Nepal, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and Tibet.  Now considered one of the leading forms of holistic medicine available in the West, Ayurveda addresses all factors that influence our quality of life.

The principles of Ayurveda state that nothing exists in isolation, so that everything you interact with, your diet, family, work or relationships, has an effect on your health and well being. One guiding principle of Ayurveda is that mind and body are connected and that the mind has a profound influence over our health and well-being. While conventional Western medicine is still grounded in the paradigm of mind-body separation, Ayurveda holds that health is more than the absence of disease; it is a dynamic state of balance and integration of body, mind, and spirit.  Ayurveda focuses on establishing and maintaining balance of the life energies within us, rather than on individual symptoms.  Although two people may appear to have the same outward symptoms, their energetic constitutions may be very different; by recognizing the unique constitutional differences of all individuals, Ayurveda recommends different regimens for different types of people.

Ayurvedic treatments are primarily dietary and herbal.  They include preventative healthcare for the entire family; strategies for defeating addictions; and food, purification and rejuvenation treatments prescribed with respect to one’s individual nature, work, social circumstance, age, and season; practical and effective approaches to maintain a healthy weight through constitutionally-determined diet, exercise, herbs, spices, teas, breathing, and psychological aids; and specific treatment plans.  Ayuerveda also encompasses beauty and cosmetic treatments for men and women, including skin, hair, eyes, posture, body odor and general appearance.

Copyright 2007 Raquel Lazar-Paley