Health Care System (General)

Illich, Ivan, Limits to Medicine: Medical Nemisis: The Expropriation of Health. Marion Boyars (1975).
“People need no bureaucratic interference to mate, give birth, share the human condition, and die.” Relentlessly and with full documentation taken from recognized medical sources, Illich proves the impotence of medical services to change life expectancy, the insignificance of most contemporary clinical care in curing disease, the magnitude of medically inflicted damage to health, and the futility of medical and political counter-measures.


Transforming the Legal Profession & the Legal System

Glendon, Mary Ann, A Nation Under Lawyers: How the Crisis in the Legal Profession is Transforming American Society. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA (1994).
This book takes the reader into the late twentieth-century legal world. The author views the legal profession as a profession in turbulence. She gives her frank evaluation of the people and ideas that are transforming the law-dependent culture.

Katz, Roberta, Justice Matters: Rescuing the Legal System for the 21st Century. Discovery Institute, Seattle WA (1997).
The author brings to her writing experience from both anthropology and law. She encourages fundamental rethinking of the adversarial process, asks basic questions about the American Legal System and makes suggestions for improvement.

Sells, Benjamin, The Soul of the Law: Understanding Lawyers and the Law. Element Books, Rockport, MA (1994).
This lawyer/psychotherapist author focuses on the stresses in society as reflected in lawyers’ experiences. He offers insight on how one can enrich life by bringing ideals and passion back into the legal profession.

Interdisciplinary Theory

Gallway, Timothy, The Inner Game of Tennis: The Classic Guide to the Mental Side of Peak Performance. Random House (1977).
Disguised as a manual for harnessing the “inner skills” necessary to compete on the tennis court, this easy-to-read manual translates to any endeavor. It might be easy to categorize this book as another of the “east meets west” genre; however, such a description would miss the pragmatic wisdom of the exercises and examples that inspire new approaches to old challenges.

Illich, Ivan, Toward a History of Needs. Pantheon Books (1978) and Tools for Conviviality. Marion Boyers Publishing (new edition 2001).
From a unique perspective that’s never been replicated, Illich illuminates and challenges many of the purported immutable cultural “habits” that determine the course of education, health care, the legal profession and economics. These books lay a good foundation for discussing new relationships between law and society, and more specifically, the lawyer and client.

Lipton, Bruce, The Biology of Belief: Unleashing the Power of Consciousness, Matter and Miracles. Elite Books (2005).
Dr. Lipton is a molecular biologist, who has contributed cutting edge research to the emerging science of Epigenetics: how biology and genetics are influenced and even controlled by environment, stress, emotions and beliefs. Understandable, entertaining and informative, this book gives simple, concrete examples of how “connections” within any system determine the health and advancement of that system more than any other factor – thus emphasizing that law, as the means by which our society regulates its relationships and connections, is a healing profession.

Pink, Daniel H., A Whole New Mind: Why Right-Brainers Will Rule the Future. Penguin Group (2006).
Dan Pink motivates today’s professional to explore a new resource for problem solving and client-relations. Whether the reader interprets the “right brain” metaphorically or literally, Pink makes a case for why and how more creative thinking is not just useful, but required for success.

Wilber, Ken, A Brief History of Everything. Shambala Publications (2000).
Among the more accessible of Wilber’s works, this particular book offers some basic vocabularies and conceptual tools to aid analysis and discussion of any “transformational” process. His analysis of holons and the evolutionary dynamic of “transcend and include” are seminal pieces of post-modern systems theory. In addition, this work sets the stage for one of Wilber’s more brilliant and original ideas: the “pre/trans fallacy,” an idea that identifies the problematic tendency we have to “long for the good old days” to the detriment of original transformation.

Balance, Joy and Satisfaction in Legal Practice

Keeva, Steven, Transforming Practices: Finding Joy and Satisfaction in the Legal Life. Contemporary Books, Chicago, IL (1999).
This author gathered stories of lawyers who have changed the way they practice law. The emphasis is on coordinating inner values with the outer life and work. Inspiring lawyer profiles trace this search for deeper meaning.

Kaufman, George, The Lawyer’s Guide to Balancing Life and Work. ABA Law Practice Management, Chicago, IL (1999).
The signs of burnout along with suggestions to prevent, cure or cope with it are addressed. The author has included information, anecdotes and simple “how to” exercises.

Palmer, Parker, Let Your Life Speak: Listening for the Voice of Vocation. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco, CA (2000).
Writer, teacher, activist Parker Palmer explores the “vocation” in this clear, vital and honest book. Telling stories from his own life, he shares insights from darkness and depression with learnings from fulfillment and joy.

Legal Ethics

Bell, Derrick, Ethical Ambition, Bloomsbury (2002).
Professor Derrick Bell, the first African-American tenured law professor at Harvard Law School, offers a personal reflection on achieving success while maintaining a life of integrity and purpose. He pursues six principles he deems significant to ethical success: passion, courage and risk taking, relationships, faith, inspiration and humility. In reflecting on the influences of these principles to his own journey, he offers a path for self-reflection and growth to the reader.

Jack, Rand and Jack, Dana Crowley, Moral Vision and Professional Decisions: The Changing Values of Women and Men Lawyers, Cambridge University Press, New York, NY (1989).
Through interviews with 36 attorneys, the authors have explored the thinking patterns of moral thought among women and men attorneys.

Linowitz, Sol, The Betrayed Profession: Lawyering at the End of the Twentieth Century, Harvard University Press (1998).
Linowitz, an elder statesman and former U.S. Ambassador, assesses the state of the legal profession and encourages lawyers to look to the roots and history of the profession. He suggests the lawyer has bartered away his independence and it is time to say “NO” to clients when the course of action requested is morally or ethically questionable.

Critiques of The Legal Profession

Arron, Deborah L. Running from the Law: Why Good Lawyers are Getting out of the Legal Profession, Ten Speed Press, Berkeley, CA (1989).
An anthology of insights and histories of lawyers whose choices made “powerful statements about their values.” One of the early books that broke the conspiracy of silence about dissatisfaction within the legal profession.

Arron, Deborah L. What You Can Do with a Law Degree. A Lawyer’s Guide to Career Alternatives Inside, Outside and Around the Law, Decision Books (2003).Â
The author takes the reader through self-discovery in a structured and practical manner. A useful tool for lawyers in a decision-making process about career choice.

Bachman, Walt, Law vs. Life: What Lawyers are Afraid to Say about the Legal Profession, Four Directions Press, New York, NY (1995).
The author speaks with candor and cynicism about the legal profession. He focuses on the increasing demands of the legal marketplace and the “moral neutering” imposed by what he views as the lawyer’s ethical duty of advocacy.

Kronman, Anthony T, The Lost Lawyer: Failing Ideals of the Legal Profession, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA (1995).
The author describes a spiritual crisis affecting the American Legal Profession. He attributes it to the collapse of what he calls the ideal of the lawyer-statesman: a set of values that prizes good judgment above technical competence and that encourages a public-spirited devotion to the law.

Stefancic and Delgado, How Lawyers Lose Their Way: A Profession Fails Its Creative Minds (Duke University Press, 2005)
This unusual 85-page book uses the story of Archibald MacLeish as the backdrop for raising questions about the efficacy of the legal profession (and then, by analogy, the medical profession) for professionals themselves as well as society at large. The authors focus on “formalism” as the disease to which lawyers, judges, law firms and law schools have succumbed; they loosely offer as a solution the use of “interdisciplinary critical theory.” In the interest of full disclosure, this book should have been the opening chapters of a deeper book.  Nonetheless, it’s a worthy attempt to carve out some new territory in the discussion about the state of the legal profession. Its brevity makes for a useful read as a springboard for discussion.

American Intellectual History

Menand, Louis, The Metaphysical Club: A Story of Ideas in America, Farrar, Straus and Giroux (2001).
Covering American history in the years between the Civil War and the end of the First World War, Menand draws masterful portraits of four giants of American thought – Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., William James, Charles Sanders Pierce, and John Dewey – whose ideas changed the way Americans think.

Alternative & New Paradigms in the Law

Levine, Stewart, Getting to Resolution: Turning Conflict Into Collaboration, Berrett-Koehler, San Francisco, CA (1998).
The author, an attorney and consultant, offers tools that get to the core of conflict with guidelines that help craft collaborative agreements.

Stolle, Dennis P., Wexler, David and Winnick, Bruce, Practicing Therapeutic Jurisprudence: Law as a Helping Profession, Carolina Academic Press, Durham, NC (2000).
The authors offer a unique theoretical paradigm for approaching contemporary legal issues. With emphasis on the psychological impact of law, they demonstrate how this model can operate in a variety of legal settings. The authors offer concrete ways for lawyers to practice law as helping professionals.


A special thank you to Jennifer Coias for her assistance in compiling this fantastic list of resources.  If you have anything to add, please email us at or post in the comments section below.


View Conscious Woman’s recorded webinar series, The Intact Boy, with Marilyn Milos, Gillian Longley and Ronald Goldman.



The WHOLE Network is a grassroots organization dedicated to providing accurate information about circumcision and the benefits of being intact. We supply doctors, hospitals, midwives, educators, and parents-to-be with well-researched, up-to-date information.

The goal of End Routine Infant Circumcision is to end the practice of non-therapeutic routine infant circumcision in the United States, whether through legislation or through perseverance in educating the American public about the harmful effects of circumcision, the functions of the foreskin, and to also encourage every hospital, and doctors to stop offering the procedure for cosmetic reasons. is home to Parents Against Circumcision Today (PACT).  PACT was founded as a support system for today’s parents who are deciding to keep their babies whole and for parents who are still seeking answers to their circumcision questions. It is our hope that together with those who have crusaded tirelessly for this human rights issue for decades, that we can help move this country into the renaissance of bodily integrity for our American babies.

Circinfosite is a non-profit, humanitarian organization dedicated to providing quality circumcision resources for expecting and future parents.

The goal of Stop The Cut is to disseminate the truth of the consequences of childhood circumcision to medical personnel and the general public in an effort to completely abolish this avoidable and brutal violation of basic human rights.

The Circumcision Information and Resource Pages is an Internet resource that provides  information about all aspects of genital surgery.

Saving Penises is a non-profit group based out of Washington, D.C.  which supplies parents with accurate information regarding circumcision and proper intact care.

The National Organization of Circumcision Information Resource Centers (NOCIRC) is a 501(c)(3) educational non-profit organization committed to securing the birthright of male, female, and intersex children and babies to keep their sex organs intact.

Intact America works to protect babies and children from circumcision and all other forms of medically unnecessary genital alteration, whether carried out for cultural conformity or profit, in medical or non-medical settings.  We seek to achieve our goals through education, advocacy, public policy reform, and the empowerment of our supporters, partners, and volunteers.

Doctors Opposing Circumcision (D.O.C.) is an organization of physicians, and others who are opposed to non-therapeutic neonatal circumcision.  D.O.C. has members in 50 States, 12 Canadian Provinces and Territories, and in nations on six continents. These doctors recognize that no one has the right to forcibly remove sexual body parts from another individual. They also believe that doctors should have no role in this painful, unnecessary procedure inflicted on the newborn.

The National Organization of Restoring Men is a non-profit support group for men who have concerns about being circumcised, are considering foreskin restoration, or are in the process of restoring their foreskins.

The Circumcision Resource Center is an educational organization with the purpose of informing the public and professionals about the practice of male circumcision. Our mission is to raise awareness and facilitate healing. Since 1991, the Center has been a valuable source of male circumcision information for parents and children’s advocates; childbirth educators and allied professionals; medical, mental health, and academic people; Jews; and others. is jam-packed full of useful information.

The blog contains a number of excellent articles, and lists a variety of other blogs with up-to-date research.

Beyond the Bris is a web-based multimedia project that puts real faces and voices to the current Jewish movement against circumcision.

One purpose of the Jewish Circumcision Resource Center is to make known to the Jewish community that there is a growing number of Jews who either have not circumcised their son or would choose not to circumcise a future son.


Paul M. Fleiss, M.D., M.P.H., The Case against Circumcision

Jennifer Coias, The Phony Phimosis Diagnosis

Jennifer Coias, Basic Care of the Intact Child

Jennifer Coias, The Nuts and Bolts of HIV in the USA & Why Circumcision Can’t Protect Men

Jennifer Coias, Circumcision: Already Illegal?

Danelle Frisbie, Ph.D., M.A, Hypospadais: Surgery and Circumcision

Danelle Frisbie, Ph.D., M.A, Death from Circumcision

Yuki (edited by Danelle Frisbie), Breastfeeding & Circumcision

Richard A. Shweder, Disputing the Myth of Sexual Dysfunction of Circumcised Women: An Interview with Fuambai S. Ahmadu.   This academic article explains some of the misconceptions about female genital cutting and how it is done for the same reasons that the USA circumcizes boys.

J. Steven Svoboda, A Rose by Any Other Name? Rethinking the Similarities and Differences between Male and Female Genital Cutting


Robert Darby, A Surgical Tempation: The Demonization of the Foreskin and the Rise of Circumcision in Britain

Leonard Glick, Marked In Your Flesh – A History of Circumcision from Ancient Judea to Modern America

Ronald Goldman, Questioning Circumcision, A Jewish Perspective

Ronald Goldman, Circumcision: The Hidden Trauma

David Gollaher, Circumcision: A History of the World’s Most Controversial Surgery

Marilyn Fayre Milos, George C. Denniston and Frederick Mansfield Hodges, Sexual Mutilations: A Human Tragedy

Marilyn Fayre Milos, George C. Denniston and Frederick Mansfield Hodges, Male and Female Circumcision: Medical Legal and Ethical Considerations in Pediatric Practice

Marilyn Fayre Milos, George C. Denniston and Frederick Mansfield Hodges, Understanding Circumcision: A Multidisciplinary Approach to a Multidimensional Problem

Thomas Ritter and George Denniston, Doctors Re-examine Circumcision


Cut: Slicing Through the Myths of Circumcision, Eliyahu Ungar-Sargon (Director)
Cut is a film that traces the intellectual journey of a man struggling to come to terms with his Jewish identity in the 21st century. Through the lens of circumcision, a central and ancient Jewish ritual, Cut asks the viewer to contemplate what happens when the Jewish tradition collides with the modern values of autonomy and individuality. Using the latest in scientific research, as well as conversations with rabbis, historians, and activists, Cut asks difficult questions about male circumcision and provides a rare emotional and intellectual experience.






How Circumcision Affects Sexuality

Circumcision is a primal wound that causes pain and trauma to an infant’s penis–his organ of pleasure and procreation. Initially, circumcision interferes with the maternal infant bond, disrupts breastfeeding and normal sleep patterns, and undermines the successful completion of the baby’s first developmental task of establishing trust. Even when analgesia is used, circumcision causes pain to the penis, and every experience of that organ, from then on, is overlaid on a neuronal background of pain.

Circumcision removes the foreskin, with its 20,000 – 70,000 specialized, erogenous nerve endings, replacing the penile accelerator that allows a man to ride the wave to orgasm with an on/off switch that offers sensitivity and immediate relief without the ride to orgasm and the full symphony of sensation.  This is why the most common complaint of circumcised men in the USA is premature ejaculation.  At the other end of life, circumcised males complain about sexual dysfunction, including loss of sensitivity and impotence. Many women wonder why sex with a circumcised man is not fulfilling for them. They do not understand the role the foreskin plays in female sexual pleasure, including the gliding mechanism and lubrication.

This session, the third in the Intact Boy series, is led by Marilyn Milos, RN, Executive Director of NOCIRC.  Hear Marilyn’s exploration of the effects of circumcision on an infant and on the man he becomes. The dynamics of circumcision, sex, and compensation for the trauma and loss is discussed.

This presentation is 90 minutes in length.

Cost: $7.50

Continuing Education Units available for some professionals.  Click here for more information.