Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP)

NLP is a set of models of how communication impacts and is impacted by subjective experience, and consists of techniques based on those models.  Developed in the early 1970’s by Richard Bandler, Ph.D., an information scientist, and John Grinder, Ph.D., a linguist, NLP began as an exploration of the relationship between neurology, linguistics, and observable patterns of behavior. Bandler and Grinder were interested in how people influence one another, and in the possibility of being able to duplicate the behavior – and therefore the effectiveness – of highly influential people.  What made their search special was their use of technology from linguistics and information science, combined with insights from behavioral psychology and general systems theory, to unlock the secrets of effective communication.  Much of early NLP was based on the work of Virginia Satir, a family therapist; Fritz Perls, founder of Gestalt therapy; Gregory Bateson, anthropologist; and Milton Erickson, a hypnotist.

See the Conscious Woman program, NLP: A Birth Model for Change with Kathy Welter-Nichols!

Heavily pragmatic, NLP is more of a collection of tools than an overarching theory.  During their early studies, Bandler and Grinder developed a unique system of asking questions and gathering information that was based on the fields of transformational grammar and general semantics. Later they and their colleagues discovered certain minimal cues people give that indicate very specific kinds of thought processes. These include eye movements, certain gestures, breathing patterns, voice tone changes and even very subtle cues such as pupil dilation and skin color changes.  NLP is this gathering of information to make models, based on the internal experience and information processing of the people being studied and modeled, including the part that is outside of their conscious awareness.

The actual technology, or methodology, that Bandler and Grinder used is known as human modeling; actually the building of models of how people perform or accomplish something. This modeling process actually means finding and describing the important elements and processes that people go through, beginning with finding and studying a human model. To do this well means to actually study the structure of people’s thought processes and internal experience, as well as their observable behavior. NLP has several techniques for diagnosing and intervening in certain situations: There is a phobia cure, a way to detraumatize past traumas, and ways to identify and integrate conflicting belief systems that keep people from doing things they want.

Performing NLP techniques is a skill that requires a significant amount of training to be employed properly.


Copyright 2007 Raquel Lazar-Paley

Network Spinal Analysis (NSA)

NSA is an evidenced-based approach to wellness and body awareness practiced exclusively by Doctors of Chiropractic.  It is applied to the body through a series of gentle contacts, called “spinal entrainments”, along areas of the spine referred to as “spinal gateways,” which range from the bottom of the skull to the tailbone.  “Entrainments” cue the frontal lobe of the cerebral cortex (the part of the brain associated with conscious choice and higher human thought) to develop new strategies for the dissipation of stored tension and energy.  The release of tension in the nervous system, accompanied by a greater awareness of breath and body movement, facilitates better adaptation to change and to life’s stressful events.  This manifests in the form of oscillation in the body, a rhythmic movement called a somatopsychic (body-mind) wave, which tends to produce a meditative state and the ability to focus on internal cues – and the adaptive response – rather than on one’s cultural and habitual defensive reaction to the world.  Greater self-awareness and conscious awakening of the relationships between the body, mind, emotion, and expression of the human spirit are realized through this healing work.

NSA, developed by Dr. Donald Epstein, has evolved over the past 30 years.  During his early years in private chiropractic practice, Dr. Epstein noticed that certain chiropractic techniques worked better in some areas of the spine than others.  He also noticed that some adjustments did not work at all.  Consequently, he observed that if the order of the segments adjusted was performed in a particular sequence, the body was better able to process the adjustments.  Dr. Epstein proceeded to network many existing techniques and developed a new practice that consists of properly sequenced adjustments that are more effective than improperly timed techniques or ones that are not suited for a particular body.  Extensively researched, Dr. Epstein’s discoveries have been found to be repeatable and predictable.  The result has been the creation of a wellness modality that promotes the body’s natural rhythms, natural movements, and the natural unwinding of its own tension and interference patterns, without exercises or the use of therapeutic machines.

A retrospective study of 2,818 patients receiving Network care around the world has demonstrated that this modality is associated with profound and statistically significant improvements in physical, emotional and psychological well being, changes in lifestyle, and overall improved quality of life.  Respondents reported having less pain, improved spinal flexibility, more energy and less fatigue, fewer cold and flu symptoms, fewer headaches, a decreased need for prescription medications, more positive feelings about themselves, decreased moodiness, improved temper, fewer angry outbursts, less depression, more interest in life, improved ability to concentrate, less anxiety, greater ability to cope with daily problems, improvement in relationships, better ability to adapt to change, improved job satisfaction and work performance, openness and compassion, interest in maintaining a healthy lifestyle, improvement in physical appearance and self-awareness, and greater overall health and general well-being.


Copyright 2007, 2011 Raquel Lazar-Paley


Naturopathic Medicine, or Naturopathy, is a system of medicine that uses natural substances to treat the patient and recognizes that the patient’s mental, emotional, and physical states must all be treated for a lasting effect. Though the term Naturopathy was coined in 1895, this type of medicine has been practiced for hundreds, if not thousands of years.  In the mid- and late-1800s in the United States, the standard medical schools taught herbal, homeopathic, and nutritional medicine. Gradually, the pharmaceutical direction to isolate components of the herbs created more potent (but potentially more toxic) drugs and the slower, more gradual effects of Naturopathic medicine almost pushed it into disuse by the early 1900s. The current resurgence is due to a recognition of the limitations of the current medical system and the efficacy of Naturopathic medicine.

The foundation of Naturopathic medicine is the vitalistic philosophy of the healing power of nature.  This means that within every human organism there is a healing energy, which includes our immune system in the fuller sense of both the physical and the psyche, which is responsible for our wellness and our ability to heal and maintain health. The therapies used to support and stimulate this healing power of nature must be the gentlest, least invasive, and most efficient possible.  In addition, Naturopaths do not simply treat the manifestation of a disease but rather search for the cause and treat it. To accomplish these goals, Naturopathic medicine incorporates many therapeutic modalities: herbal medicine, homeopathy, nutrition, hydrotherapy, food, exercise therapy, physical therapy, manipulation of the bony and soft tissues, lifestyle and counseling.  Naturopathic medicine treats the patient from the preventive stage through to serious, chronic and debilitating disease.


Copyright 2007 Raquel Lazar-Paley